It is important to have sufficient omega-3 essential fatty acids in the diabetes diet and for prediabetes metabolic syndrome management. I have previously posted on the apparent reduced risk of diabetes in those who include sufficient omega-3 in their diet. It is also becoming common knowledge that the omega-3 fats found in fish are valuable for heart health. I have posted on the association between omega-3 and a reduction in cardiovascular disease through a multifactorial mechanism.
New research, published in the December 2011 issue of Diabetes Care, also suggests that eating a daily additional amount of omega-3 fatty acids may help protect older people with diabetes who have experienced a heart attack.
The study involved a secondary analysis of the Alpha Omega Trial in which the participants consumed margarine supplemented with daily recommended doses of Omega-3 fatty acids (either 400 mg/day EPA and DHA, 2 g/day alpha linolenic acid, a combination of all three, or placebo) over a 40-month period.
The study included 1,014 people with diabetes, ages 60-80, who had previously experienced a heart attack. The researchers found that all groups receiving additional amounts of these fatty acids experienced a lower incidence of severe heart problems triggered by a severe arrhythmia (sudden death, cardiac arrest and use of a cardiac defibrillator).
The group that received the combined supplementation of all three fatty acids experienced a significantly lower incidence of severe heart problems than those who received placebo. This particular study suggests that the combination of a previous heart attack and diabetes appears to be relevant to the omega benefit.
Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of severe arrhythmias than patients who only experienced a heart attack without diabetes. Diabetes is also is leading cause of heart disease and stroke, as well as the leading cause of adult blindness, kidney failure, and non-traumatic amputations. If you have prediabetes metabolic syndrome, take action now to improve your health. Make some simple lifestyle changes and you will be amazed at the potential of your body to respond.
I am generally not crazy about the fact that the study used margarine. More on that in future posts. Stay tuned.
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